American definition of hook up

Sexual hook-up culture

hook, line, and sinker informal without reservation; completely: swallowed the excuse hook, line, and sinker. lewis, granato, blayney, lostutter, and kilmer (2011) used a more behaviorally specific definition, in which hooking up was defined as a “event where you were physically intimate (any of the following: kissing, touching, oral sex, vaginal sex, anal sex) with someone whom you were not dating or in a romantic relationship with at the time and in which you understood there was no mutual expectation of a romantic commitment” (p. example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hookup.[13][50] half of women, 51%, and 42% of men, have tried discussing the possibility of beginning a romantic relationship with a hookup partner. despite various health risks, in a qualitative study of 71 college students (39 women and 32 men), nearly half of participants were unconcerned with contracting a sexually transmitted infection from penetrative intercourse during a hookup, and a majority were unconcerned about diseases in hookups that included fellatio or cunnilingus (downing-matibag & geisinger, 2009). currier, she explores how the phrase "hooking up" conveys different meanings depending on whether a man or woman uses it when describing their sexual encounters; furthermore, currier notes that men use "hooking up" to emphasize their masculinity and heterosexuality whereas women use the phrase to preserve their femininity by being strategically ambiguous in order to downplay their sexual desires. with benefitson the surface, hookups are slightly different from more protracted mutual exchange arrangements for uncommitted sex, like those often referred to with colloquialisms such as “friends with benefits” (fwbs), “booty calls,” or “fuck-buddies” (jonason, li, & richardson, 2011). sexual revolution of the 1960s brought a loosening of sexual morals which allowed for sex to become uncoupled from relationships and non-marital sex to become more socially acceptable. off the hook informal freed, as from blame or a vexatious obligation: let me off the hook with a mild reprimand. of alcohol and drugsin addition to sexual risk-taking, in terms of low condom use, another issue of concern involving hookups is the high comorbidity with substance use. do the many meanings of “hooking up” help keep private what actually happens in sexual relationships, or is it just confusing? on the other hand, hook up culture is thought to be oppressive and monolithic, with intimacy only occurring within a specific context., the military is paying to install filters on public wells, has provided bottled water and public water hookups for private well owners, and is making plans to clean up groundwater. roommate and her new elliot friends stayed up laughing late into the night, talking about parties and hookups and drinking.[60] in order to avoid becoming a victim, experts believe "that the first step is to acknowledge the dangers inherent in the free-and-easy hookup approach to dating and sex. "hooking up" was a term known in the year 2000 to almost every american child over the age of nine, but to only a relatively small percentage of their parents, who, even if they heard it, thought it was being used in the old sense of "meeting" someone.[46] freitas counters that living in the hookup culture is not at all liberating if what students want is to actually go on dates. hookups are most comprehensively understood in an interdisciplinary framework that combines multiple levels of analyses. support of evolved sexual strategies, in a cross-cultural study of 16,288 individuals across 52 nations, schmitt et al. alcohol use has also been associated with type of hookup: greatest alcohol use was associated with penetrative sexual hookups, less alcohol use with nonpenetrative hookups, and least amount of alcohol use among those who did not hookup (owen, fincham, & moore, 2011).[38] students often feel that hookups are the only option, and that their peers do not date, which becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy as fewer students date because they believe their classmates do not believe in dating.[18] the hookup culture is vaguely defined due to a variety of perspectives taken on this subject related human sexuality. similarly, in a study of 832 college students, 26% of women and 50% of men reported a positive emotional reaction following a hookup, and 49% of women and 26% of men reported a negative reaction (the remainders for each sex had a mix of both positive and negative reactions; owen et al. and others have noted that the "past decade has witnessed an explosion in interest in the topic of hookups, both scientifically and in the popular media.[25] over all, 25% of those who had sexual experience with a dating partner have also hooked up with someone they were not dating. because same-sex relationships are naturally removed from the reproductive motive, it may be possible that part of the larger hookup culture is borrowed from sexual subcultures involving greater emphasis on the positive erotic., 2010, for a detailed account of same-sex and opposite sex sexual behavior in the united states by age group). to meet or associate: we agreed to hook up after class. a means of attracting interest or attention; an enticement: a sales hook. in a study of 333 men and 363 women on a college campus, in deliberate hookup situations women had more thoughts of worry and vulnerability than men (townsend & wasserman, 2011). it is important to note that uncommitted sex and one-night stands have been studied outside the current “hookup culture” frame (boswell & spade, 1996; cates, 1991; hatfield et al. 45 percent of women said they hooked up in the last year, and "males expressed more favorable attitudes toward hookups,” the study's authors asserted. although the proportion of gay men in open relationships seems to support the theory (i. in a sample of 394 young adults, the strongest predictor of hookup behavior was having previously hooked up—those who engaged in penetrative sex hookups were approximately 600% more likely than others to repeat this over the course of a university semester (owen et al. self-esteem is also an indicator: men with high self-esteem and women with low self-esteem are more likely to have multiple sexual partners, but hookups are less likely among both genders when they have high self-esteem. the end of sex: how hookup culture is leaving a generation unhappy, sexually unfulfilled, and confused about intimacy.

Urban Dictionary: hook up

those who have engaged in hookups that involve penetrative sex are 600% more likely to hookup again during the same semester. as part of a larger study, in a sample of several thousand individuals aged 15–25, men and women who had used marijuana or cocaine in the last 12 months were also more likely than nonusers to have had nonmonogamous sex in the past 12 months (van gelder, reefhuis, herron, williams, & roeleveld, 2011)—although an operational definition for these presumably uncommitted partnerships was not discussed. (2006), "hooking up: the relationship contexts of "nonrelationship" sex", journal of adolescent research, 21: 459–483, doi:10. the ambiguity of the term "hookup," 84 percent of students reported that they had discussed theirs with friends in the previous four months. who reported to freitas that they were profoundly upset about hooking up say the encounters made them feel, among other things, used, miserable, disgusted, and duped. hook-up activities may include a wide range of sexual behaviors, such as kissing, oral sex, and penetrative intercourse. it is likely that a substantial portion of emerging adults today are compelled to publicly engage in hookups while desiring both immediate sexual gratification and more stable romantic attachments. in other words, “hooking up” could mean anything from kissing to intercourse. in another study, a combined 81% of undergraduate respondents engaged in some form of hookup behavior, with 58% having engaged in sexual touching above the waist and 53% below the waist, 36% performed oral sex, 35% received oral sex, and 34% engaged in sexual intercourse in the context of a hookup (reiber & garcia, 2010). dating app becomes a rage at sochi winter olympics; olympic village a hotbed of athlete hook-upsmost research on hooking up has identified individual characteristics of college students who hook up (e. beyond heterosexual hookups, casual sex (not necessarily referred to as “hookups”) has been reported to be a normative sexual script among men who have sex with men. possibly contributing to findings on gender differences in thoughts of worry, in a sample of 507 undergraduate students, more women than men leaned toward a relationship outcome following a hookup.[83] the feeling of being wanted by a cute guy is what they want and hook ups are how girls think they can get that attention.[13][63] these results were similar to another study which found that 61% of all undergraduates reported drinking alcohol before their last hookup.. music a catchy motif or refrain: "sugary hard rock melodies [and] ear candy hooks" (boston globe).'s review has found that hookups can result in emotional and psychological injury, sexual violence, sexually transmitted infections, and/or unintended pregnancy. in a recent study of 394 young adults followed across a university semester, those participants with more depressive symptoms and greater feelings of loneliness who engaged in penetrative sex hookups subsequently reported a reduction in both depressive symptoms and feelings of loneliness (owen et al. up - connect or link; "hook up the houses to the gas supply line"; "hook up the components of the new sound system"attach - cause to be attached. based on these results, holman expressed concern that the gossip around “hooking up” may make the practice seem more common than it is, causing students to engage in potentially risky behavior because they believe everyone is doing it. regreta number of studies have included measures of regret with respect to hookups, and these studies have documented the negative feelings men and women may feel after hookups. most notably, individuals of both sexes are willing to openly discuss the topic and advertise their acceptance and experiences of hooking up. trend toward marrying later may be what is fueling the hookup scene on college campuses. (2011), "predictors of hooking up sexual behavior and emotional reactions among u. such settings may help facilitate a preexisting desire for hookups (i.[53] relationships that begin as a hookup, or as a "friends with benefits" situation, report lower levels of satisfaction. in a sample of 1,468 college students, among the 429 students who had engaged in oral sex, anal sex, or vaginal intercourse in their most recent hookup, only 46."[4][75][80] heldman and wade believe that the increase of access to pornography via the internet is what "spurred" hookup culture, in part by challenging the idea that "good sex" takes place in a monogamous relationship. popularity of hooking up among both men and women presents a problem for approaching human sexuality purely from the perspective of sexual strategies theory. "study: students not 'hooking up' as much as you might think". in this study, men reported receiving oral sex both in hookups and in relationships much more than women. relationships represent a unique variation of hooking up worthy of more research attention, which it is beginning to generate.^ a b heldman, caroline; wade, lisa (july 10, 2010), "hook-up culture: setting a new research agenda", sexuality research and social policy, 7 (4): 323–333, doi:10. (2007), "the shift from dating to hooking up in college: what scholars have missed", sociology compass, 1 (2): 775–788, doi:10.[15] technological advancements such as the automobile and movie theaters brought young couples out of their parents' homes, and out from their watchful eyes, giving them more freedom and more opportunity to engage in sexual activity.[11] garcia says that hookup culture can lead to a lower incidence of dating among youth, but as people get a bit older they outgrow their desire for hookups and settle into traditional dating. they found that of 174 different songs in the top ten lists from 2009, 92% contained messages about reproduction or mating, with the best-selling songs containing more such messages than less-successful songs: “the ubiquitous presence of these reproductive themes is a reflection of evolved properties in the human psyche, where people are voting with their pocket books and listener preferences are driving the lyrics” (hobbs & gallup, 2011, p.

Hookup culture - Wikipedia

hookups have replaced casual sex and even dating on many college campuses over the years, but as is so often the case when sex is discussed, it's not altogether clear what everybody is talking about when they say "hookup. most students reported not considering or realizing their own health risks during hookups, particularly those that occurred within their own community such as with someone else on their own college campus.% of participants portrayed their most recent hookup experience as one they wanted to have, while 7. american academy of pediatrics has argued that media representations of sexuality may influence teen sexual behavior,[71] and this view is supported by a number of studies.[15] many other slang terms for hooking up were and still are used such as "friends with benefits" and "booty call. (2002), "the casualties of "casual" sex: a qualitative exploration of the phenomenology of college students' hookups", journal of social and personal relationships, 19 (5): 639–661, doi:10. is among the fastest-growing dating apps, and it is not surprising that an increasing number of athletes are using it to hook up. note that this study asked participants about typical hookups, and although this was informative for general patterns, it does not capture specific factors influencing specific individual scenarios. thus in sex role reversed species where males provide a majority of parental support, it is females that are then expected to compete more for mates and be more indiscriminate in their mating (alcock, 2005). believes the lessons imparted by hookup culture have "set back" these students, however, who often have little experience dating, and few skills in asking a romantic partner out as a result. further, in a study based on 71 interviews with college students, nearly 80% indicated that alcohol was involved in initiating their most recent hookup, with 64% attributing the progression and extent of the hookup to alcohol (downing-matibag & geisinger, 2009). has opined that a "hookup is a sexual act that thwarts meaning, purpose, and relationship. you agree with her interpretation or not, the ambiguity surrounding what “hooking up” means enables both men and women to round up or round down their experiences. for example, a study of canadian college students who planned to hook up while on spring break showed that 61% of men and 34% of women had sex within a day of meeting their partner.[8][9] adolescents, emerging adults, men and women engage in hookups for a variety of reasons, which may range from instant physical gratification, to fulfillment of emotional needs, to using it as a means of finding a long-term romantic partner. at the same time, those participants who reported less depressive symptoms and fewer feelings of loneliness who engaged in penetrative sex hookups subsequently reported an increase in both depressive symptoms and feelings of loneliness (owen et al. the gender differences observed are modest, and point to the convergence of gender roles in hookup culture; even though there are some gender differences, it should not be ignored that the curves overlap significantly. as the discourse of hooking up is often in conflict with itself, individuals often self-identify a variety of motivations for hooking up. a third of the students who reported engaging in vaginal, anal, or oral sex during a hookup reported being very intoxicated and another third reported being mildly intoxicated., most students overestimate the amount of hookups in which their peers engage. 3– 4)some empirical studies of hookup behavior have also advocated multifactorial approaches (eshbaugh & gute, 2008; garcia & reiber, 2008).[74] the idea is that the media may serve as a "super peer" for youth,[75] who then seek to develop a sexual identity that is in line with popular portrayals.▲hoofinghooflesshooflikehoofmarkhoof-markhoofprinthoofthooghhooghlyhoo-hahoo-hahhookhook and eyehook and ladderhook billhook checkhook ladderhook line and sinkerhook motionhook of hollandhook onhook operationhook shothook spannerhook squidhook uphook up withhook wrenchhook, line, and sinkerhookahhook-and-ladder companyhook-and-ladder truckhook-billedhook-billed marlinhookehooke roberthookedhookednesshookerhooker john leehooker josephhooker richardhooker thomashooker's greenhooker's onionhooker's orchidhooke's gearinghooke's jointhooke's lawhookeyhooking▼." [13] because of the lack of belief in no premarital sex, hookups have become a norm for everyone."[19] hooking up leads to instant gratification for sex, pleasure, a feeling of being loved, an emotional feeling of being adhered to, the thought of the potential of the hook up developing into something less casual, and many more reasons. in the next two sections, we will introduce both evolutionary and social script views of uncommitted sex, to simultaneously consider the influence of each on hookup culture. without identifying a primary, hierarchal, origin, it is likely that media is reflecting actual behavioral change in a circular way—media is a reflection of our evolutionary penchants, further exaggerated and supported by the presumption that it is popular. are substantial individual differences in reactions to hookups not accounted for by gender alone. they found that while 94 percent of participating students were familiar with the phrase "hooking up,” there was no consensus about what “hooking up” actually entailed. developmental shifts, garcia's systematic review of the literature suggests, is one of the factors driving the increase in hookups, a "popular cultural change that has infiltrated the lives of emerging adults throughout the western world. theory, if all students adopted holman's definition, they would all have a better idea of what exactly their peers meant when they reported a weekend hookup.[11] in one, 77% of students regretted their hookups,[13][54] and in another 78% of women and 72% of men who had uncommitted vaginal, anal, and/or oral sex regretted the experience. it is curious that, although purporting to regale the audience with nonrelational sex, the previously mentioned films friends with benefits and no strings attached also highlight this; in the end, couples in both movies actually end up in seemingly monogamous romantic relationships..) (perry, gottwald, martin, & mckee, 2011)popular media representations of sexuality demonstrate the pervasiveness of a sexual hookup culture among emerging adults. however, this same study found that feelings differed during compared to after hookups: during a typical hookup, 65% of participants reported feeling good, aroused, or excited, 17% desirable or wanted, 17% nothing in particular or were focused on the hookup, 8% embarrassed or regretful, 7% nervous or scared, 6% confused, and 5% proud (paul & hayes, 2002)."[70] baby boomer fears of hookup culture have been termed a "moral panic". How long should you date before making things official

Hook up - definition of hook up by The Free Dictionary

for example, a study by reiber and garcia in 2010 show that a lot of people that engage in sexual hook ups feel uncomfortable., alliance, collaboration, confederation, connection, cooperation, association, liaison, linkup, partnership, relation, relationship, tie-up, union.[13] a majority of students said that their hookups occurred after drinking alcohol. some popular portrayals go against the popular trend, such as american idol star kelly clarkson’s billboard hot 100 song “i do not hook up,” released in 2009, cowritten and covered under the title “hook up” by american singer–songwriter katy perry. "what everyone's getting wrong about the ivy league hookup culture". the mating intelligence scale, designed to measure an individual’s cognitive abilities in the evolutionary domain of mating (see geher & kaufman, 2011), was used to assess hookup behavior in a sample of 132 college students. men easily described stereotypic hookups and fwbs as nonrelational and noncommitted, and in an oppositional fashion compared to romantic committed “dating-esque” relationships. research has considered the interactions of sex and individual differences in predicting hookup behavior. this is consistent with the view of emerging adulthood (typical college age) as a period of developmental transition (arnett, 2000), exploring and internalizing sexuality and romantic intimacy, now including hookups (stinson, 2010). although speculative, it seems most probable that many such encounters are sexual experiments and uncommitted, but investigations of how this relates to the larger hookup culture are sorely lacking. are more likely than girls to have several hookup partners at the same time, and are also more likely to hook up with someone they are not dating. for instance, that religiosity (religious feelings and attendance at religious services) was related to lower frequency of engaging in intercourse during a hookup encounter (penhollow, young, & bailey, 2007) may be envisioned as an adaptive sociocultural constraint. this paints a picture very different from popular representations of alcohol and substance use in hookups, which are often handled with a detached air of humor. "strategic ambiguity: protecting emphasized femininity and hegemonic masculinity in the hookup culture". contrary to no-strings attached hookup discourse, these alternative romance and commitment-oriented scripts are not surprising. popular television shows often portray hooking up as acceptable, entertaining, and perfectly sensible. north american surveys published in the mid-2000s have shown that upwards of 60% or 70% of sexually active teens reported having had uncommitted sex within the last year. of hookups in popular culturecontemporary popular culture is now ripe with examples that depict and often encourage sexual behavior, including premarital and uncommitted sex. popular pro-hookup same-sex representations have also emerged in television series like queer as folk and the l-word.[13] they then researched what emotional affects being involved in sexual intercourse hookups had on them.^ "the impact of exposure to sexuality oriented media on the endorsement of hookup culture: a panel study of first-year college students". hookups have become more apparent within the last ten years. the emergence of sexual hookup culture provides a case of human social behavior through which to explore the relationship and possible interaction between evolved mating psychology and cultural context. men voiced alternative definitions that highlighted emotional connection and the potential for committed romantic relationships. people who also pay to receive espn the old-fashioned way (via a cable or satellite hookup) will be able to stream espn’s core offerings, including n. up— brief uncommitted sexual encounters among individuals who are not romantic partners or dating each other— has taken root within the sociocultural milieu of adolescents, emerging adults, and men and women throughout the western world. according to one study of 832 college students, 26% of women and 50% of men reported positive emotional reactions following a hookup and 49% of women and 26% of men reported negative reactions following a hook up. in the current review, we examine and explore these patterns in sexual hookups. yet, this finding also conflicts with a strict sexual strategies model because more than half of women were glad they engaged in a hookup (and they were not in the context of commandeering extrapartner genes for offspring).>hook up vi (rad, tv) → gemeinsam ausstrahlen; to hook up with somebody → sich jdm anschließen (us inf: = meet) → sich treffen vt sep dress etc → zuhaken; hook me or the dress up, please → mach mir bitte die haken zu, mach an dem kleid bitte die haken zu trailer, caravan → ankoppeln, anhängen; broken-down car → abschleppen; (recovery vehicle) → auf den haken nehmen (= connect) computer etc → anschließen (to an +acc); (rad, tv) → anschließen (→ with an +acc); the doctor hooked her up to a drip → der arzt hängte sie an den tropf (inf). does it mean when one uses the phrase "hooking up"? we argue that contemporary hookup culture is best understood as the convergence of evolutionary and social forces during the developmental period of emerging adulthood. glenn and marquardt (2001) used an explicitly heteronormative definition for participants: a hook-up is “when a girl and a guy get together for a physical encounter and don’t necessarily expect anything further” (p. these include, the happy hook-up: a single girl’s guide to casual sex (sherman & tocantins, 2004), the hookup handbook: a single girl’s guide to living it up (rozler & lavinthal, 2005), hooking up: a girl’s all-out guide to sex and sexuality (madison, 2006), making the hook-up: edgy sex with soul (riley, 2010), and 11 points guide to hooking up: lists and advice about first dates, hotties, scandals, pickups, threesomes, and booty calls (greenspan, 2011). launches major hook up promotions with david guetta, lmfao, and top artists on tourthey have met major peake via skype hook ups and at the release of the esa s first uk centre at the harwell science and innovation campus in oxfordshire. at the other end of the spectrum, the greatest alcohol consumption was associated with penetrative sex, and less alcohol consumption with nonpenatrative hookups. 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'Hooking Up' -- What Does It Really Mean? | HuffPost

because these situations represent a greater entanglement of friendship, trust, and emotional comfort, fwbs are distinct from notions of hooking up in some aspects. in one sample of undergraduate college students, both men and women had nearly double the number of hookups compared to first dates (bradshaw, kahn, & saville, 2010). worry that if society disconnects intimate sexual behavior and emotional connection, teens who hook up will have trouble forming stable intimate relationships later in life. paul, mcmanus, and hayes (2000) omitted the possibility of hooking up with previous partners or friends, by defining a hookup as “a sexual encounter, usually only lasting one night, between two people who are strangers or brief acquaintances. further, in a qualitative study that asked 187 participants to report their feelings after a typical hookup, 35% reported feeling regretful or disappointed, 27% good or happy, 20% satisfied, 11% confused, 9% proud, 7% excited or nervous, 5% uncomfortable, and 2% desirable or wanted (paul & hayes, 2002)./a0027911pmcid: pmc3613286nihmsid: nihms443788sexual hookup culture: a reviewjustin r. the term hookup focuses on the uncommitted nature of a sexual encounter rather than focus on what behaviors “count.[51][52] freitas's study shows that when a relationship is born of a hookup, it is usually after months of engaging is a serial hookup."[15] other terms for repeated acts of hooking up include, "casual sex" or "recreational sex," or defined as a relationship with "no strings attached. recent study of how social networks lead college students to define, perceive, and participate in “hooking up” showed that while everybody is talking about it, no one is exactly sure what it means.” these findings raise several concerns about the occurrence of hookups and the psychological impact such behaviors have on the individuals involved.” hookups are different from infidelity situations (extrapair copulations), in which an individual engages in sex with an extrarelational partner, but is still functionally committed to the relationship partner. there was a study by university of louisville researchers owen and fincham, who asked 500 undergraduate students that have been involved in hook up culture how they felt about commitment, and about 45% of men and 65% of women said they wanted their hook ups to possibly end up in a serious relationship.[3] others, including michael kimmel, have said that "the hookup culture can extend for years" beyond college, "well into their thirties and even their forties. in these cases, some extrapair encounters may constitute uncommitted hookups, albeit not among “singles. to "explaining gender differences in hookup regret", there are at least four explanations for why women may regret hookups more than men: (1) they may have different attitudes towards relationships, hooking up, and sex, (2) there may be differences in sexual initiation and agency within hookups, (3) there may be differences in the frequency of orgasm within hookups, and (4) there may be differences in perceived inequality in orgasms during hookups. rise of hookups, a form of casual sex, has been described by evolutionary biologist justin garcia and others as a "cultural revolution" that had its beginnings in the 1920s. or, that high degrees of closeness to peer social networks and peer communication about hookups was associated with more sexual hookups (holman & sillars, 2012) may be considered as a facultative response to adaptively react to peer expectations and local norms. however, the sex with the slower potential reproductive rate— generally females—will be operationally in short supply relative to the sex with the faster potential reproductive rate, simply because it takes them longer to complete a reproductive venture. try these options:'hooking up' -- what does it really mean? using a broad situational definition, garcia and reiber (2008) told participants “a hook-up is a sexual encounter between people who are not dating or in a relationship, and where a more traditional romantic relationship is not an explicit condition of the encounter” (p. even more worrisome, a proportion of hookups also involve nonconsensual sex. among women in their first semester of college, fielder and carey (2010a) reported that condoms were used for 0% of oral sex hookups, and only 69% of vaginal sex hookups. because of the higher divorce rate in the states, there are more and more single baby boomers which are creating the hookup culture within the elder generations.[22] jennifer aubrey and siobhan smith have found that between genders there are minimal differences when it comes to behavior and frequency in hookups; on the other hand, women still face a harder social stigma, on account of the fact that their social status decreases with increased sexual partners, while men's social status increases with more sexual partners. young men higher in mating intelligence were more likely than others to have hooked up with strangers, acquaintances, and friends; while young women higher in mating intelligence were only more likely than others to have had more hookup experiences with acquaintances (o’brien, geher, gallup, garcia, & kaufman, 2009). this is where students who are peers are comparing and differing sexual situations in one's own life amongst each other to create a foundation for the current hookup culture. however, many boys and girls did report that they do hook up with random people in order to find someone they could possibly start something serious with. alcoholic drinks, during their most recent hookup (lewis et al.[25] for both genders, hookups are more likely to be with an ex-boyfriend, an ex-girlfriend or a friend than with an acquaintance.[13][55] while women usually feel worse after a hook up than men do, 39% of men expressed extreme regret, shame, and frustration with themselves about their hookup experiences.^ a b "the impact of exposure to sexually oriented media on the endorsement of hookup culture: a panel study of first-year college students".[11][17] by the mid-1990s, freitas found that hookups were an accepted form of interactions among sexually active adults especially those located on college campuses.[1] there has been such a decline in dating culture on college campuses that most students have had more hookups than first dates.[79] further suggesting masculinity is equal to sex, possibly leading male viewers to be more accepting of hookup culture. in a multiethnic sample of 109 women, hookup scripts were compared to rape scripts, and, even though hookup scripts contained psychological consequences such as shame, a majority did not presume sexual assault (littleton, tabernik, canales, & backstrom, 2009). 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Sexual Hookup Culture: A Review

lastly, there are many dating websites on the internet that are for adults to meet up only for hookups.[13][36] the students who reported the least amount of alcohol consumption were also the least likely to hook up. “hookups”hookups may include any sexual behavior in a seemingly uncommitted context.% indicated that their most recent hookup was an experience they did not want to have or to which they were unable to give consent. random hook ups also have shown to cause feelings of pressure and performance anxiety in a study by paul, et al.’s (2000) study on hookups, 16% of participants felt pressured during their typical hookup. one study of students’ perceptions of hookups reported that 67% occur at parties, 57% at dormitories or fraternity houses, 10% at bars and clubs, 4% in cars, and 35% at any unspecified available place (paul & hayes, 2002).: casual sex, hookup, hooking up, human sexuality, sexual behavior, mating strategies, sexual scriptsthere’s a stranger in my bedthere’s a pounding in my headglitter all over the roompink flamingos in the pooli smell like a minibardj’s passed out in the yardbarbies on the barbequeis this a hickey or a bruise—last friday night (t. have also been a number of studies that have studied the mental aspects of casual hookups. for instance, when a male student was asked if he felt that women looked for different components in a hookup; his response was that most females generally did not lean towards a "one and done" thing. in music lyrics, for example, although opera arias and art songs have contained messages about reproduction and mating for more than 400 years, it is contemporary music lyrics where an erotic uncommitted sexuality has predominated (hobbs & gallup, 2011). yet, this larger casual sex literature has remained largely disjointed from investigations of “hookups.[66] on average, men have five drinks when they hookup, and women 3. smart aspect of the electronics prevents disaster if the cables are hooked up incorrectly — the meter gives one type of tone for a bad hookup or a positive tone when the red cable is on the positive (red) battery post. (2011), "young adults' emotional reactions after hooking up encounters", archives of sexual behavior, 40 (2): 321–330, pmid 20809375, doi:10. as another example, a qualitative study of men’s hookup scripts also displayed inconsistency in casualness (epstein, calzo, smiler, & ward, 2009). in and hooking up: women's and men's casual sexual experiences during the first two months of collegethe latest akoo dance karaoke hook up invites viewers to create and submit their own shuffle to lmfao's party rock anthem music video.^ "most women don’t enjoy hookup culture—so why do we force ourselves to participate?[38] in a hookup culture, young people often have little experience with dating and developing romantic relationships.[13][50] in a survey of first-year students, women said that 64% of their hookups came after drinking alcohol. average, both men and women appear to have higher positive affect than negative affect following a hookup. than half of college relationships begin with a hookup, bogle's research has found. in one investigation of the concomitant motivations for hookups, garcia and reiber (2008) found that while 89% of young men and women reported that physical gratification was important, 54% reported emotional gratification and 51% reported a desire to initiate a romantic relationship; there were no sex differences in the responses.[82] some girls also reported that the main reason they are involved with random hook ups is because they think that is what boys want. in first-time hookups, 55% included only men receiving oral sex, 19% only women receiving oral sex, and 27% both mutually receiving; in last relationship sexual activity, 32% included only men receiving oral sex, 16% included only women receiving oral sex, and 52% included both mutually receiving. boodram, "hooking up is nothing more than settling; it is the microwaveable burrito of sex. that is, it is unclear how one might rate a “typical” hookup if, for instance, one instance involved sexual coercion and regret while other hookup experiences before and/or after such an event were consenting and more enjoyable. an example of this disconnect is presented by backstrom, armstrong, and puentes (2012), whose study examined the responses of 43 college women who described their difficulties in their negotiations of cunnilingus, such as desiring it in a hookup or not desiring it in a relationship. these are not findings that seem to be prevalent among lesbians and women who have sex with women or among heterosexual hookups. research on hookups is not seated within a singular disciplinary sphere; it sits at the crossroads of theoretical and empirical ideas drawn from a diverse range of fields, including psychology, anthropology, sociology, biology, medicine, and public health.. to make (a rug) by looping yarn through canvas with a type of hook. study concluded by attempting to finally define “hooking up" as entailing certain sex acts "between two people who are not dating or in a serious relationship and do not expect anything further. culture and sexual riskthe negative consequences of hookups can include emotional and psychological injury, sexual violence, sexually transmitted infections, and/or unintended pregnancy. alcohol may also serve as an excuse, purposely consumed as a strategy to protect the self from having to justify hookup behavior later (paul, 2006). paik (2010a) found that individuals in relationships that start as hookups or fwbs report lower average relationship satisfaction. venuesamong college students, hookups have been reported in a variety of college settings. Dating a single father

hook up Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

Hookup | Definition of Hookup by Merriam-Webster

[86] for instance, students in college that had stated they were involved in casual sex had higher levels of depression and anxiety and lower levels of self-esteem, happiness and life satisfaction compared to the students who did not engage in a casual hook up in the past thirty days. in another study of self-reported motivations for hooking up, which included 118 female first-semester students, 80% indicated sexual desire, 58% spontaneous urge, 56% perceived attractiveness of the partner, 51% intoxication, 33% willingness of the partner, and 29% desire to feel attractive or desirable (fielder & carey, 2010a). to one study the vast majority, more than 90%, of american college students say their campus is characterized by a hookup culture,[33] and students believe that about 85% of their classmates have hooked up. moreover, in a study of 140 (109 female, 31 male) first-semester undergraduates, women, but not men, who had engaged in penetrative intercourse during a hookup showed higher rates of mental distress (fielder & carey, 2010b). we reviewed the current literature on sexual hookups and considered the multiple forces influencing hookup culture, using examples from popular culture to place hooking up in context. ""hookups": characteristics and correlates of college students' spontaneous and anonymous sexual experiences" (pdf). up as contemporary casual sexthere are also a large number of colloquial expressions used to describe uncommitted sexual behavior, including labels like “no strings attached” (nsa) sex, “casual encounters,” and “one-night stands. in a study down by psychologist seth schwartz has shown results that say that people who had many random hook ups had more psychological issues. are many ideas as to why people think young adults are involved in this hook up culture,such as that they feel like they have to do it to fit in. of hooking upa vast majority of today’s young adults, from a wide range of college student populations studied so far, report some personal “casual” sexual experience (bogle, 2008; england, shafer, & fogarty, 2007; fielder & carey, 2010a; fisher, worth, garcia, & meredith, 2012; garcia & reiber, 2008; welsh, grello, & harper, 2006; gute & eshbaugh, 2008; hatfield et al.’ and ‘so drunk, i can’t believe i…’ as well as space to rate your hookups and hangovers—make this guided journal the perfect accessory for the morning after."[65] hookups "almost always" occur when at least one participant is drunk according to kimmel. hookups may be characterized as a form of “casual sex” or “uncommitted sexual encounter. the film hooking up, released in 2009, details the chaotic romantic and sexual lives of adolescent characters., ally, attach, band, bond, club, collaborate, collude, confederate, conjoin, connect, cooperate, couple, gang, get along, get on, group, interrelate, join, knot, league, link, mingle, mix, rally, relate, side, socialize, team, tie, wed; befriend, friend.” again, both men and women had experienced some sexual regret, but the frequency and intensity of negative reactions appeared to vary by sex, with women more negatively impacted from some hookup experiences. of those women, 70% experienced unwanted sex in the context of a hookup and 57% in the context of a committed romantic relationship (hill et al. to evolutionary theorists, this discrepancy in reproductive rate between the sexes sets up general predictions about sex-specific mating behaviors (bateman, 1948; clutton-brock & parker, 1992; trivers, 1972). compounding disease risks, individuals involved in hookups are more likely to have concurrent sexual partners (paik, 2010b). on the other hand, some sociologists have argued that hookup culture is a characteristic of the american college environment and does not reflect broader american youth culture, just as many college graduates stop engaging in hookups when they leave college preferring instead dating or other sexual arrangements., cold-shoulder, shun, snub; alienate, estrange; break up, disband, disperse, split (up); disjoin, dissociate, disunite, divorce, sever, split, sunder.’s (2000) study, conducted nearly a decade earlier, of those hookups that included sexual intercourse, a higher, yet still too low, 81% of participants reported using a condom. many popular representations suggest uncommitted sex, or hookups, can be both biophysically and emotionally enjoyable and occur without “strings. to support the idea that sociosexuality is likely a combination of evolved sex-specific mating strategies and social structural factors, in a study of over 200,000 participants from 53 nations, lippa (2009) demonstrated that although consistent sex differences emerged, gender equality and economic development tended to predict the magnitude of sex differences in sociosexuality (more permissive).[11] other venues such as public cruising areas, internet cruising networks, and bathhouses are popular for gay men, but not for lesbians or heterosexual couples. studies have made a connection between hookup culture and substance use. get the hook slang to be unceremoniously dismissed or terminated.’s study (2003), reiber and garcia (2010) found that 78% of individuals overestimated others’ comfort with many different sexual behaviors, with men particularly overestimating women’s actual comfort with a variety of sexual behaviors in hookups. among heterosexual emerging adults of both sexes, hookups have become culturally normative. several popular books on hookups have hit the shelves, with unscientific yet racy claims. more than half of students of both genders say they would like a hook up to develop into a romantic relationship,[8][11][49] only 6.[33] half of all hookups are repeats, and 25% of students will graduate from college a virgin.[37] in one study, 33% of those who had hooked up indicated that it was "unintentional," and likely due to the influence of alcohol or other drugs. because cunnilingus often facilitates women’s orgasm, participants were asked about oral sex rates and orgasm in their most recent hookup and most recent relationship sexual event. frameworks for hookup researchan interdisciplinary biopsychosocial model can synthesize traditionally disconnected theoretical perspectives and provide a more holistic understanding of hookup culture. descriptions of hookups reveal relative gender differences in terms of feelings afterward, with women displaying more negative reactions than men (paul & hayes, 2002).

Hook up something Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary

[33] roughly one half will occasionally hookup, and one-third of students do not hook up at all. is still unclear the degree to which hookups may result in positive reactions, and whether young men and young women are sexually satisfied in these encounters. nearly all hookups involve kissing; 98% of undergraduate respondents in one study reported kissing within a hookup (fielder & carey, 2010a). a hook up is an act that involves sexual intimacy, claimed by many to be a sexually liberating act. in addition to sharing common social venues with heterosexuals, gay men and other men who have sex with men have an expanded array of venues in which hookups may occur. in a sample of 178 college students, participants noted that a majority of their unwanted sex occurred in the context of hookups: 77. another study shows that once a person has sex for their first time, it becomes less of an issue or big deal to future relationships or hook ups.“hookups,” or uncommitted sexual encounters, are becoming progressively more engrained in popular culture, reflecting both evolved sexual predilections and changing social and sexual scripts. fact that participants were divided along gender lines when it came to reporting their hook up experiences comes as no surprise.[25] the majority of teens (68%) who hook up with a friend or an ex will hook up with them again. this raises an important, but as of yet unanswered, question: if a proportion of heterosexual americans have at some point engaged in at least one same-sex sexual encounter, is the context of such a scenario a hookup? over the past 60 years, the prioritization of traditional forms of courting and pursuing romantic relationships has shifted to more casual “hookups” (bogle, 2007, 2008). hook up synonyms, hook up pronunciation, hook up translation, English dictionary definition of hook up. half of all hookups among adolescents were a one time affair, and this is the same for both boys and girls. "the longitudinal relationships among injunctive norms and hooking up attitudes and behaviors in college students". in a sexist sexual climate, "we hooked up" could be the great equalizer. individuals overestimate others’ comfort with hookups and assign variable meanings to those behaviors (lambert et al. hobbs and gallup (2011) performed a content analysis of song lyrics from billboard’s top ten charts for country, pop, and r&b."[13] the review shows that hookups are becoming increasingly normative among young adults and adolescents in north america and have taken root throughout the western world, which represents a notable shift in how casual sex is perceived and accepted. in the first study to investigate the issue of self-esteem and hookups, both men and women who had ever engaged in an uncommitted sexual encounter had lower overall self-esteem scores compared to those without uncommitted sexual experiences (paul et al. there's an awful lot wrong with moral panic stories about "hookup culture" on campus [. the popular reality show jersey shore, which started its run in 2009, glorifies hookups among strangers, acquaintances, friends, and former partners.[4] nationally, women now outnumber men in college enrollment by 4 to 3, leading some researchers to argue that the gender imbalance fosters a culture of hooking up because men, as the minority and limiting factor, hold more power in the sexual marketplace and use it to pursue their preference of casual sex over long-term relationships. over 50 percent reported at least one and a third reported at least two hookups during the school year, indicating that these liaisons -- however the students defined them -- were common. among the children, hooking up was always a sexual experience, but the nature and extent of what they did could vary widely. shifts in datinghookup culture has emerged from more general social shifts taking place during the last century. shows that hook up regret is clearly gendered, with women tending to regret hooking up much more than men do.[14] since the 1920s, there has been a transition from an age of dating to an era of hookup culture.[66] students who reported using marijuana or cocaine in the past year were also more likely than their peers to have hooked up during that period.[10] until recently, those who studied the rise of hookup culture had generally assumed that it was driven by men, and that women were reluctant participants, more interested in romance than in casual sexual encounters. "beer goggles, catching feelings, and the walk of shame: the myths and realities of the hookup experience". to kathleen bogle, the phrase 'hooking up' is "a slang term" deemed unofficial and unpredictable due to the extended variation of its meaning. (2010), "predictors and consequences of sexual "hookups" among college students: a short-term prospective study", archives of sexual behavior, 39 (5): 1105–1119, doi:10. study has found that the strongest predictor of hookup behavior was previous experience hooking up. gendered scripts may contribute to mixed perceptions and expectations of hookups.[11] additionally, 95% of women and 77% of men say they prefer dating to hooking up.

Sexual hook-up culture

Hook up - Idioms by The Free Dictionary

in seeming contrast to the sex-specific mating strategies, contemporary hookup behavior involves a high degree of female sexual assertiveness for sexual desire and pleasure.[9] media reaction to hookup culture has been dismissed as moral panic. these complementary literatures and approaches should be integrated into the future study of hookup behavior, because the study of human sexuality must consider the vast range of variation and potential in human sexual behaviors. presumably, these same conflicting discourse messages can make it difficult for individuals to psychologically navigate hookups, including sexual decision-making. in first time hookups, 31% of men and 10% of women reached orgasm; in last relationship sexual activity, 85% of men and 68% of women reached orgasm. namely, hookup scenarios do not implicitly include a friendship relationship component as a condition. among a subsample of 311 young adults with hookup experience, when asked to generally characterize the morning after a hookup encounter, 82% of men and 57% of women were generally glad they had done it (garcia & reiber, 2008). alcohol and drugs are likely a strong factor, it is still largely unclear what role individual differences play in shaping decisions to engage in hookups.[33] the median number of hookups for a graduating senior on a college campus is seven, and the typical college student acquires two new sexual partners during their college career. research on hookups has been focused on american college students, but hookups are not limited to college campuses. we suggest that researchers must consider both evolutionary mechanisms and social processes, and be considerate of the contemporary popular cultural climate in which hookups occur, in order to provide a comprehensive and synergistic biopsychosocial view of “casual sex” among emerging adults today.[44] freitas' study has found that students on these campuses generally feel that the decision about whether or not to be in a relationship is out of their control and that "hookup culture dictated for them that there would be no dating, and that they simply had to endure this reality.[2][3][4] the term hookup has an ambiguous definition because it can indicate kissing or any form of physical sexual activity between sexual partners.[11][13] most students report with not concerning themselves with or being concerned about the health risks that come with hookups, however, especially if their partner was a member of their own community, such as a student on the same college campus. amanda hess, writing for good, goes so far as to say that the vagueness of the term could help both men and women dodge the judgments others might make about their sexual behavior:Since "hookup" serves as a catch-all for everything from intercourse to passing out while spooning, the term could help mitigate the gender-based social pressures and stigmas attached to sexual relationships . sexual reproduction scrambles up genes, creating genotypes that are novel environments and forcing the parasites and pathogens to begin anew in their quest to exploit the host."[61] in one qualitative study, only 2% felt desirable or wanted after a hookup. were processed via a video hookup with courtrooms in san diego and otay mesa.[84] that being said not all young adults are hooking up with each other to fit the college norm, and gain sexual pleasure, but because they truly want to find someone they have a serious connection with. (2008), "hookups and sexual regret among college women", the journal of social psychology, 148: 77–89, doi:10." [13] also, divorce has risen in the united states making the hookup culture available to just about anyone. in another survey of 500 students who all had experiences with hookups, 65% of women and 45% of men reported that they hoped their hookup encounter would become a committed relationship, with 51% of women and 42% of men reporting that they tried to discuss the possibility of starting a relationship with their hookup partner (owen & fincham, 2011).: by hook or by crook by whatever means possible, fair or unfair. the best internet hookups are actual wires, preferably fiber optic cable. terms of applying this logic to human sexual behavior and in particular sexual hookups, uncommitted sex has most often been interpreted in evolutionary terms as a fitness-enhancing short-term mating strategy (buss, 1998; buss & schmitt, 1993).[13][36] of those who took part in a hook up that included vaginal, anal, or oral sex, 35% were very intoxicated, 27% were mildly intoxicated, 27% were sober and 9% were extremely intoxicated.[25] additionally, 40% of those who had hooked up with someone they were not dating had also hooked up with a dating partner in the previous 12 months. have generally shown that greater alcohol use is associated with more sexual activity in the course of a hookup. the culture of hooking up these days has changed dramatically. health-based hookup research like this may lead to programs for correcting misperceptions of sexual risk and sexual norms to ultimately restore individual locus of control over sexual behavior, reproductive rights, and healthy personal decision-making.[13] where as people who expressed less symptoms of loneliness and depression had an increase in those feelings after a penetrative sex hook up. it is hard to make sense of the hookup culture with understanding why it exists in society and why individuals participate in the culture.., the “samantha”), only slightly more than half of women were actually generally glad they had hooked up, suggesting these encounters may not truly be pleasurable for all.[3][16] some scholars, including garcia and freitas, have found that dating, while it has not disappeared, has decreased as the frequency of hookups have increased. research has found minimal gender differences in terms of hookup behaviors. up also found in: thesaurus, medical, legal, financial, acronyms, idioms, encyclopedia, wikipedia.

Urban Dictionary: hook up

Hook up something Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

as early as the 1920s, with the rise of automobile use and novel entertainment venues throughout north america, traditional models of courting under parental supervision began to fade (bailey, 1988; stinson, 2010)."a number of studies" have found that students, both men and women, overwhelmingly regret their hookups.[13][63][64] frietas has said that in her study the relationship between drinking and the party scene, and between alcohol and hookup culture, was "impossible to miss. to america's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! to america's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! adh dhib, a village of 170 people, has requested a hookup to the electrical grid numerous times since 1988, according to human rights watch. still, the students "greatly overestimated the pervasiveness of hookups within the general student culture," holman wrote in her report on the study.[38] at colleges, hookups are common between students at parties, in dormitories and fraternity houses, at surrounding bars and clubs, and at popular student vacation destinations.., ever, last hookup, or typical hookup) produces a sex difference, but in terms of categorical presence, it is most emerging adults who have experienced a kaleidoscope of reactions. american psychological association also says that hookups can result in guilt and negative feelings. merriwether, binghamton university, state university of new york (2013) sexual hook-up culture. psychological adaptations that support the “choosy female” strategy are still evident, even when individuals choose to engage in nonreproductive sexual behavior. those with positive attitudes toward hookups and approval of sexual activity show the greatest positive affect (lewis et al. links hererelated changesupload filespecial pagespermanent linkpage informationwikidata itemcite this page. individual history of hookup behavior has been associated with a variety of mental health factors. up generally refers to having sex; however, many others indicated that when they say hooking up they are referring to something less than intercourse. the term's definition can vary depending on the person or on the age group." according to bogle, many males believed that females often invested themselves or had an ulterior motive for pursuing a hookup like situation. the casualty of the hook up culture has made the rape culture increase tremendously. over half described a hookup as involving sex, nine percent described it as not including sex and about one-third said it could be ambiguous as to whether or not “hooking up” had to involve sex.[42][43] hooking up is means for experiencing casual sexual encounters, but it is also means for beginning relationships. believes that while sexual promiscuity once existed on college campuses alongside more traditional forms of dating, hooking up is now "the alpha and omega of young adult romance. just as multiple motivations can be in conflict, and multiple discourse messages can be in conflict, individuals’ affective reactions during and after a hookup can be in conflict.[11][13] of those students who have hooked up, between 30% and 50% report that their hookups included sexual intercourse. the 1970s and 1980s) had more sexual partners, were more likely to have had sex with a casual date or pickup or an acquaintance, and were more accepting of most non-marital sex (premarital sex, teen sex, and same-sex sexual activity, but not extramarital sex).[13] they also came to a conclusion that 78% of people in a hook up overestimate how comfortable their partner is doing certain things during their sexual engagement. they then came up with results that showed that penetrative sex hook ups made people with greater feelings of depression and loneliness have a decrease in those symptoms and feelings.[21] the term "hooking up," meaning an instance of casual sex, differs from hook up culture. this is the reason for the growing hookup culture, as adults are changing their ways. to take strong hold of; captivate: a novel that hooked me on the very first page.[11] not only is there health risks, there can be a lot of pressure when it comes to hooking up which can contribute to discomfort, performance anxiety, and stress. although uncommitted sex among gay men occurs in a variety of locations, antigay prejudice and structural heterosexism can limit the availability of supportive and safe options for connecting with other men (harper, 2007). from hooking up is linked to negative emotional outcomes, especially in women. to this was the fact that all rv sites have electric hookups, eliminating the need for the growling generators that mute all natural sounds. researchers at the university of montana found so many different definitions among the students they studied that they had to come up with a precise definition to be sure everybody was talking about the same thing. for instance, the interactive book hookups & hangovers: a journal (chronicle books, 2011) is playfully described by the publisher: “here to help piece together all the hilarious and humiliating details of last night’s party.

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